Schlagwort-Archive: #ECB

Privatisation Programm for Greece – Detailed Table

Dear all,

the privatisation programm of Greek public assets (“Asset Development Plan”), imposed by the TROIKA has been leaked. It shows in detail the subject, the privatisation method, the advisers involved (often well-known banks and consulting firms), the current status and the next steps to be taken. (See file attached or

The privatisation is forced in a time of growing opposition of the peoples against privatisation, despite the failure of former privatisations and despite movements trying to take back energy or water companies into collective ownership. As Michael Hudson put it in “The Financial Attack on Greece” July 8, 2015: “Most of all, there is no legal framework for writing down debts owed to the IMF, the European Central Bank (ECB), or to European and American creditor governments. […] Governments are unforgiving, and the IMF and ECB act on behalf of banks and bondholders – and are ideologically captured by anti-labor, anti-government financial warriors.

The result is not the “free market economy” it pretends to be, nor is it the rule of economically rational law. A genuine market economy would recognize financial reality and write down debts in keeping with their ability to be paid. But inter-government debt overrides markets and refuses to acknowledge the need for a Clean Slate. Today’s guiding theory – backed by monetarist junk economics – is that debts of any size can be paid, simply by reducing labor’s wages and living standards, plus by selling off a nation’s public domain – its land, oil and gas reserves, minerals and water distribution, roads and transport systems, power plants and sewage systems, and public infrastructure of all forms.

Imposed by the monopoly of inter-governmental financial institutions – the IMF, ECB, U.S. Treasury, and so forth – creditor financial leverage has become the 21 st century’s new mode of warfare. It is as devastating as military war in its effect on population […]”

Yours sincerely

Elke Schenk

globalcrisis/globalchange NEWS

Privatisation Program Plan FINAL-2015_07_30.pdf

Stathis KOUVELAKIS: Greece: The Struggle Continues; Reason in Revolt – JACOBIN, July 2015

globalcrisis/globalchange NEWS
Martin Zeis – martin.zeis

Reason in Revolt – JACOBIN, July 2015 *

Greece: The Struggle Continues

A definitive account of what has transpired over the last few weeks in Greece, and what’s next for Syriza and the European left.

by Sebastian Budgen & Stathis Kouvelakis

Key Points
The government was overtaken by the referendum’s momentum.
The ideology of left-Europeanism was crippling.
Remaining unprepared for Grexit was deliberate.
The government has two main camps.
The “No” campaign was driven by class.
After the vote, Tsipras revived a discredited opposition.
The Left Platform plans to stay and fight to reclaim Syriza.
Syriza’s leadership want to purge the party.
The new agreement is the worst yet.
It’s unknown what resistance will follow.
Syriza’s left made some errors.
But working within the party wasn’t a mistake.

The latest agreement between the Syriza government and the creditors shocked many on the Left who have been following events in Greece. It seems to signal the end of a whole political cycle.
In this interview with Jacobin contributing editor Sebastian Budgen, Stathis Kouvelakis, a leading member of the Left Platform in the party covers the latest sequence, to what extent expectations have been confirmed or disproved, and the next steps for the radical wing of the party.
Kouvelakis uses this opportunity to reflect more broadly on the balance sheet of the Left Platform’s strategy, whether things could have been done differently, and what the prospects are for a more general left recomposition.

What were the causes of the July referendum? Many saw it as something out of the blue, a wildcard that Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras pulled out. But there is some uncertainty about his motivations — some even speculate that he thought he would lose. (…)

* Jacobin is a leading voice of the American left, offering socialist perspectives on politics, economics, and culture. The print magazine is released quarterly and reaches over 10,000 subscribers, in addition to a web audience of 600,000 a month.


‘We underestimated their power’ – Greek government insider about the negotiations in Brussel; Mediapart, July 08, 2015

Dear all,

the following interview increases our knowledge/insight about/into the nonlegal TROIKA/”Institutions”, the Eurogroup …

The complete document is attached (pdf, 8p),the Frenche translation see:

Martin Zeis


‘We underestimated their power’: Greek government insider lifts the lid on five months of ‘humiliation’ and ‘blackmail’

In this interview with Mediapart, a senior advisor to the Greek government, who has been at the heart of the past five months of negotiations between Athens and its international creditors, reveals the details of what resembles a game of liar’s dice over the fate of a nation that has been brought to its economic and social knees. His account gives a rare and disturbing insight into the process which has led up to this week’s make-or-break deadline for reaching a bailout deal between Greece and international lenders, without which the country faces crashing out of the euro and complete bankruptcy. He describes the extraordinary bullying of Greece’s radical-left government by the creditors, including Eurogroup president Jeroen Dijsselbloem’s direct threat to cause the collapse of the Hellenic banks if it failed to sign-up to a drastic austerity programme. “We went into a war thinking we had the same weapons as them”, he says. “We underestimated their power”.

A senior member of Greece’s negotiating team with its European creditors agreed to a meeting last week in Athens with Mediapart special correspondent Christian Salmon. Speaking on condition that his name is withheld, he detailed the history of the protracted and bitter negotiations between the radical-left Syriza government, elected in January, and international lenders for the provision of a new bailout for the debt-ridden country.

The almost two-hour interview in English took place just days before last Sunday’s referendum on the latest drastic austerity-driven bailout terms offered by the creditors, and opposed by Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, and which were finally rejected by 61.3% of Greek voters.

While the ministerial advisor slams the stance of the international creditors, who he accuses of leading a strategy of deliberate suffocation of Greece’s finances and economy, he is also critical of some of the decisions taken by Athens. His account also throws light on the personal tensions surrounding the talks led by former Greek finance minister Yanis Varoufakis, who resigned from his post on Monday deploring “a certain preference by some Eurogroup participants, and assorted ‘partners’, for my ‘absence’ from its meetings”.

The advisor cites threats proffered to Varoufakis by Eurogroup president Jeroen Dijsselbloem, warning he would sink Greece’s banks unless the Tsipras government bowed to the harsh deal on offer, and by German finance minister Wolfgang Schäuble, who he says demanded: “How much money do you want to leave the euro?”

The interview follows below and over the following three pages presented in a continuous series of extracts (editor’s notes appear in italics within hard brackets): (…)

Martin Zeis
globalcrisis/globalchange NEWS


Greece Just Lost Control Of Its Banks, And Why Deposit Haircuts Are Imminent; zerohedge, July 13, 2015

zerohedge, July 13, 2015 – 16:30 local time — — text also attached (2p) —

Greece Just Lost Control Of Its Banks, And Why Deposit Haircuts Are Imminent

Yes, Greek banks may have been insolvent – something that was clear since the first bailout of 2010 – but at least the Greek state had control over them: as such it could have mandated mergers, recapitalizations, liquidity injections, even depositor bail-ins (perhaps the harshest lesson for the ordinary Greek population as a result of this latest crisis is that deposits are not “cash in the bank” but liabilities of insolvent financial organizations).
Starting on Wednesday that will no longer be the case.
Because while Greek banks will maintain their capital controls for months and withdrawals will be limited to €60 or less for months (the ECB is well aware that any boost to the ELA will result in a promptly surge in deposit outflows until the new ELA ceiling is reached, and so on ad inf) the one key change on Wednesday when the Tsipras government, whose coalition no longer has a majority in parliament and will have to rely on opposition votes, votes through the humiliating Greek “pre-deal” to unlock negotiations for the promised €86 billion in bailouts (which will be used almost entirely to repay the Troika) is that it will hand over the keys of Greek banks to the ECB.

Here is Reuters with this little known fact:

One of the preconditions imposed on Greece for a deal is that it signs into law European rules that would put euro zone authorities at the ECB and in Brussels, rather than Athens, in charge of identifying and closing or breaking up sick banks.
This in turn could lead to a shake-up of the sector that could see some banks close, with losses pushed onto bondholders and possibly even large depositors. In such circumstances, there would be little that Athens could do to prevent this.
One European official had told Reuters that the number of big banks in the country could be reduced from four – National Bank, Piraeus, Eurobank and Alpha – to as little as two.


Highlights of last Night from Brussel’s Madhouse and disciplinarian Schaeuble

The Latest Out Of Europe: “Pretty Steady Level Of Shittiness”

Moments ago, after yet another weekend in which Europe was said to have given Greece yet another “absolutely final” deadline in which to agree to deal terms, terms which now Europe can’t agree on, when after five years of recovery we found out that the Greek economy is so bad it will have to put in escrow some €50 billion in assets to preserve the ECB’s financial lifeline of its banks which just in October of 2014 passed the same ECB’s “stress test” with flying colors, we had a revelation:

zerohedge @zerohedge

We may have hit peak bullshit

1:03 AM – 13 Jul 2015

Turns out, we weren’t too far off. This is how Sky News’ Ed Conway summarized the events to date:

Ed Conway @EdConwaySky

Me: How are the talks going?

EU source: “Shitty.”

Me: “Getting more shitty or less?”

Source: “Pretty steady level of shittiness” #Greece

1:02 AM – 13 Jul 2015

So for those who still care, where do we stand now? Before answer that, here is a rather florid visual of what happened just last night, when Germany’s Schauble, seemingly pushed into a demonic fit of existential rage with Greece, decided to unilaterally tear apart the Eurozone just to teach Athens a lesson.

According to Reuters ( ), what happened during last night’s Eurogroup finmin meeting which concluded without a deal, is that in a “tough, even violent” atmosphere, in the words of one participant, after an overnight break the German and French finance chiefs, Wolfgang Schaeuble and Michel Sapin, sat down to clear the air between them before resuming on Sunday.

Schaeuble also crossed swords with ECB governor Mario Draghi, snapping at the Italian central banker “I’m not stupid!”

“It was crazy, a kindergarten,” said a source describing the overall course of nine hours of talks on Saturday among weary ministers attending their sixth emergency Eurogroup in three weeks. “Bad emotions have completely taken over.”

Schaeuble and others seemed to favour a “Grexit”, another participant said. The European Central Bank’s Draghi seemed “the strongest European” in the room, most opposed to the risky experiment of cutting Greece loose and braving Schaeuble’s ire by interrupting him during a discussion on Athens’ debt burden.

The new Greek finmin was calm, appearing resigned to whatever his country’s fate would be:

By contrast, Greek Finance Euclid Tsakalotos, appointed last week in place of the often provocative Yanis Varoufakis, seemed calm and expressed a willingness to take steps to convince creditors Athens could be trusted to implement budget and economic reform measures to unlock tens of billions of euros.

At one point a fellow minister turned to Tsakalotos and told him to ignore the rows raging around him: “Don’t worry Euclid,” he said. “It’s not your problem any more, it’s theirs.”

But while the future of Greece is now open-ended, with emotions overruling logic and certainly financial interests, the one things that will be the legacy of this weekend’s European summit is that the fissure right across the center of Europe is now plain for all to see:

“Schaeuble’s positions are irresponsible and can bring disaster,” said Gianni Pittella, an ally of Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi. Leader of the centre-left bloc in the European Parliament, Pittella spoke at a meeting in Brussels.

That reflects something of a left-right split across Europe.

French President Francois Hollande’s Socialist party issued a comradely appeal to Sigmar Gabriel, the German Social Democrat leader who sits as deputy to conservative Chancellor Angela Merkel in a coalition. It said: “The peoples of Europe do not understand the increasingly hardline position taken by Germany.”

Gabriel, also in Brussels, said he aimed to keep Greece in the euro and stressed that France and Germany, traditionally the twin motors of European integration, would work together.

In Berlin and Paris, officials have played down differences in tone on Greece, stressing that Merkel and Hollande must sell their decisions to different national constituencies.

Of course, all of this is meaningless: in Europe it has always been, and always will be, Germany’s way or the autobahn. Don’t like it, don’t let the door hit you on the way out, especially since it still appears confusing to all but Germany that the biggest beneficiary of the Eurozone was the German export sector.

As for almost everyone else, well… ask the Greeks.
Anyway, that was last night. Where are we now, as the European summit of leaders is currently entering 2am in the morning?
Well, some good news: outright talk of Grexit, and a 5 year “time out” appear to have dropped out of the draft.

Jarno Hartikainen @JarnoHa

#Greece was close to signing the creditors’ proposal before ideas of euro time-out and privatization fund were tabled – EU source

1:45 AM – 13 Jul 2015

Which may help Greece but it still doesn’t explain how Tsipras will pass into law the Draconian measures demanded of Greece especially since there are purely logistical hurdles which can’t be forced:

Tara Palmeri

#Greece says can’t pass legal system reforms & rules for dealing w/ bank failures by July 15, asks for week extension …

1:27 AM – 13 Jul 2015 POLITICO Europe

Futher see:

Martin Zeis
globalcrisis/globalchange NEWS

The Greek “Choice”: Hand Over Sovereignty Or Take Five Year Euro “Time Out”, zerohedge, 12.07.2015

Von: “Martin Zeis” <Martin.zeis>
Datum: 12. Juli 2015 20:03:29 MESZ
An: gc-special-engl%Martin.zeis
Betreff: The Greek “Choice”: Hand Over Sovereignty Or Take Five Year Euro “Time Out”, zerohedge, 12.07.2015
zerohedge, 12.07.2015 —

The Greek “Choice”: Hand Over Sovereignty Or Take Five Year Euro “Time Out”

For those who missed today’s festivities in Brussels, here is the 30,000 foot summary: Europe has given Greece a “choice”: hand over sovereignty to Germany Europe or undergo a 5 year Grexit “time out”, which is a polite euphemism for get the hell out.

As noted earlier, here are the 12 conditions laid out as a result of the latest Eurogroup meeting, which are far more draconian than anything presented to Greece yet and which effectively require that Greece cede sovereignty to Europe, this time even without the implementation of a technocratic government.

  1. Streamlining VAT
  2. Broadening the tax base
  3. Sustainability of pension system
  4. Adopt a code of civil procedure
  5. Safeguarding of legal independence for Greece ELSTAT – the statistics office
  6. Full implementation of autmatic spending cuts
  7. Meet bank recovery and resolution directive
  8. Privatize electricity transmission grid
  9. Take decisive action on non-performing loans
  10. Ensure independence of privatization body TAIPED
  11. De-Politicize the Greek administration
  12. Return of the Troika to Athens (the paper calls them the institutions… for now)

One alternative, generously presented to Greece, is for the country to put some €50 billion of assets – the best ones – in escrow to creditors. A more polite was of putting would be a Greek secured loan. This is how the Luxembourg FinMin Pierre Gramegna laid it out:

“A few new ideas were added to the table, especially one which is very important for some member states, which is that Greece would put a portion of its assets into a company that would be more independent from Greece.”

“More independent” from Greece and “more dependent” to Berlin.

Greece would place about €50 billion of state assets into an i n d e p e n d e n t c o m p a n y. (1) Those assets could serve as collateral against aid loans, Gramegna says. “It would act as a kind of guarantee. There is great hesitation from the Greek side and now the heads of state and government have to choose.”

“It would be a company structure based in Luxembourg, which would be managed from Greece with supervision by the European Commission and by the European Investment Bank. It would remain in Greek hands but it would create more assurances if it was known that a lot of assets were in this company.”
“If one knows that the third bailout package would cost more than EU80B, one understands that countries are urging for some guarantees from Greece.”

In other words, Greece is told to set aside a quarter of its GDP for Europe to do as it sees fit, and which can be “seized” if Greece is seen as veering away from its third bailout promises again.

And since Greece has no option but to promise everything and the moon, it will surely comply hoping that it is once again allowed to promptly forget all the promises as soon as it pockets some of that €86 billion in new bailout funds just to unlock the €120 billion in deposits held hostage in Greek banks by the ECB, even if the resulting debt will push Greek debt/GDP well above 200%.

Why?Because the alternative is, and we quote… “In case no agreement could be reached, Greece should be offered swift negotiations on a time-out from the euro area, with possibly debt restructuring.”

Note m.z.
(1) The „independent company“ reminds me of the German TREUHAND, after the assassination of her first president Detlev Karsten ROHWEDDER (on April 1, 1991) dispossessing all sorts of assets of the previously incorporated German Democratic Republic for the benefit of various industrial, financial, assurance trusts and all sorts of criminals in the Federal Republic of Germany (i.e. West-Germany), since 1949 self-declaring as legal successor of the Third Reich.

Martin Zeis
globalcrisis/globalchange NEWS

Must read – Michael HUDSON: The Financial Attack on Greece: Where Do We Go From Here?; CounterPunch, July 8, 2015
The Financial Attack on Greece: Where Do We Go
From Here?
July 8, 2015
The major financial problem tearing economies apart over the past century has
stemmed more from official inter-governmental debt than with private-sector debt.
That is why the global economy today faces a similar breakdown to the Depression
years of 1929-31, when it became apparent that the volume of official inter-
government debts could not be paid. The Versailles Treaty had imposed impossibly
high reparations demands on Germany, and the United States imposed equally
destructive requirements on the Allies to use their reparations receipts to pay back
World War I arms debts to the U.S. Government. (…)


Peripheral debts: Causes, consequences and solutions:
2 July 2015

Event date: 02 Jul 15 –

The amount of public and external debts from EU peripheral countries is amongst the biggest debts in the world.

(GUE/NGL – this abbreviation stands for Confederal Group of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left)